Discover 5 Major And Minor Mistakes In Tajweed

Explore the top five Tajweed mistakes in Quranic recitation and their significance. Discover how these errors impact pronunciation, articulation, and the overall meaning of the Quranic verses. Learn practical techniques for rectifying of major and minor mistakes in tajweed of your recitation.

The 5 Most Common Tajweed Mistakes

Tajweed is the science of correctly pronouncing the Quran, tajweed rules ensure that the words are recited as they were revealed to Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). However, many learners make common mistakes when starting their Tajweed journey.

Tajweed Lessons For Beginners: A Comprehensive Guide

Identifying and rectifying major or minor mistakes in tajweed is crucial for anyone seeking to perfect their Quranic recitation.

Quran Recitation Tips

Below are the five most common Tajweed mistakes:

Addition or Omission of a Long Vowel (Madd Letter)

In the Arabic language, there are three letters known as “Madd Letters” – alif madd (أ), wow madd (و), and ya madd (ي). When these letters appear with a particular diacritical mark (like a fatha, damma, or kasra), they indicate a prolonged or elongated vowel sound.

Beginners often either shorten the elongation, making it sound similar to a regular vowel, or they elongate a vowel that shouldn’t be. This can change the meaning of the word entirely.

Types of Maad Tajweed: Key to Harmonious Quranic Recitation

Not Pronouncing the Letters Correctly

Each Arabic letter has a specific articulation point (Makhraj) and characteristics (Sifat). This determines how it should sound.

Mispronouncing a letter, like confusing “خ” (khaa) with “ك” (kaaf), can alter the meaning of a word. It’s essential to understand and practice the precise articulation points for each letter.

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Not Making a Letter Heavy Where Appropriate

Certain Arabic letters are pronounced with a “heavy” or “full-mouthed” sound, known as “Tafkheem”. Examples include letters like ص (saad), ض (dhad), ط (taa), and ظ (zaa).

Not giving heaviness to these letters, or mistakenly giving heaviness to light letters, can make the recitation incorrect.

Understanding Tajweed Rules for Full Mouth Letters

Doing Qalqalah on Letters Which Do Not Have This Quality

Qalqalah refers to a slight echo or bounce that is applied to certain letters when they have a sukoon (stop) sign. The primary qalqalah letters are ق (qaf), ط (taa), ب (baa), ج (jeem), and د (dal).

Applying the qalqalah echo to letters other than these five, or not doing it when required, is a common mistake.

Letters of Qalqalah The Best Resounding Echo of Arabic Phonetics

Taking a Breath Whilst Reading

Proper breath control is vital when reciting the Quran to maintain continuity and rhythm.

Taking a breath in inappropriate places can disrupt the meaning of verses or sentences. It’s crucial to learn the correct pausing and stopping points to ensure that the meanings of the verses remain clear.

Decoding Quran Stop Signs to Guiding Divine Recitation

Major and Minor Mistakes in tajweed اللَّحْنُ

Recitation of the Quran, though spiritually uplifting, demands precision and accuracy. While studying Tajweed, one will encounter the term “Lahn” (اللَّحْنُ), which denotes tajweed mistakes in the recitation of the Quran. These errors are classified into two main categories, depending on their severity and impact on the meaning of the verses.

Tajweed Hidden And Clear Mistakes

اللَّحْنُ الْجَلِي: Serious and Obvious Mistakes (Major Mistake)


Examples of لحن جلى:

Rules of Noon Saakin and Tanween

2. اللَّحْنُ الخَفِي: Al Lahn Al Khafiy – Minor and Subtle Mistakes (Minor Mistake)


Examples of لحن خفى:

  • In sum, perfecting Quranic recitation requires an understanding of both these types of Tajweed mistakes. While the major ones are obviously more serious and can change the meaning of the verses, the minor mistakes, though subtle, also need attention to perfect one’s recitation and show the proper reverence to the Holy Quran.

Ikhfa Tajweed Rules: A Guide to Perfecting Pronunciation


These are the obvious Tajweed mistakes in recitation that can change the meaning of the words, making the recitation incorrect. Committing such tajweed mistakes can be a grave error, especially in ritual prayers.

Examples of لحن جلى:

Learn How to Pronounce Meem Saakinah Correctly Today

اللَّحْنُ الخَفِي: Al Lahn Al Khafiy – Minor and Subtle Mistakes

These are subtle tajweed mistakes that might not change the overall meaning of a verse but still deviate from the correct mode of recitation.

Examples of لحن خفى:

Unlocking the Beauty of Ghunnah in Quranic Recitation

Varieties of Mistakes in Quranic Recitation:

The correct recitation of the Quran is paramount in conveying the intended divine message. Tajweed rules are the science that outlines the guidelines and features of Quranic recitation. However, errors may occur, and they have been categorized to help students rectify them. Here are:

Some categories of these errors:

Mistakes In Quranic Recitation

Varieties of Mistakes in Articulating Makhraj Characters:

Incorrect Articulation: Pronouncing a letter from a different articulation point (Makhraj). For example, pronouncing “ظ” (Zhaa) from the Makhraj of “ز” (Zay).

Merging Letters: Combining two distinct letters into one sound, such as pronouncing “س” (Seen) and “ش” (Sheen) similarly.

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Types of Errors Concerning the Thick and Thin Pronunciations (Tarqiq/Tafkhim):

Misapplication of Tafkhim: Pronouncing a letter that should be thin (Tarqiq) as thick (Tafkhim). For instance, pronouncing “ل” (Lam) in “الله” (Allah) as thick in positions where it should be thin.

Misapplication of Tarqiq: Pronouncing a letter that should be as thick as thin. For example, “ص” (Saad) is pronounced without inherent heaviness.

Tajweed Lessons For Beginners: A Comprehensive Guide

Varieties of Mistakes in Extended and Brief Recitations:

Extending Short Vowels: Prolonging the short vowels (Fatha, Damma, Kasra) more than required.

Shortening Long Vowels: Not giving the “Madd” letters (Alif Madd, Wow Madd, Ya Madd) their full elongation.

Unlocking the Beauty of Ghunnah in Quranic Recitation

Common Mistakes Made in Pausing or Starting a Recitation (Waqf/Ibtida’)

Improper Stops (Waqf): Pausing in places that can alter or obscure the meaning of a sentence.

Inaccurate Starts (Ibtida’): Beginning a recitation from a point that doesn’t clarify the intended message.

Decoding Quran Stop Signs to Guiding Divine Recitation

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Join Online Quran Tajweed Course

Categories of Mistakes Involving Characters and Sentences While Reciting the Al-Quran

Addition or Omission: Introducing an extra letter or word into a verse or missing out on one. This can change the intended message.

Changing the Order: Reciting words or letters in a sequence other than the prescribed order.
Mispronouncing Attributes of Letters, Such as errors in “Qalqalah,” “Ghunnah,” and “Idgham.”

Tips and Techniques for Learning Tajweed

The above categories underscore the complexity and depth of Quranic recitation. Recognizing and rectifying these mistakes is essential for anyone seeking to perfect their recitation and maintain the reverence and sanctity of the Holy Quran.


Mastering Tajweed involves addressing common mistakes, both major and minor mistakes in Tajweed, to preserve the Quran’s purity and convey its intended message accurately. These errors encompass pronunciation, elongation, emphasis, stopping points, and more. Recognizing and rectifying these tajweed mistakes is essential for perfecting Quranic recitation and upholding the Quran’s sanctity.

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ’s)

What are the types of errors when reciting the Quran?

The errors are categorized into mistakes when pronouncing the Makhraj characters, concerning thick and thin pronunciations, in long and short recitals, committed when stopping or beginning a recital, and related to characters and sentences.

What are the clear mistakes or لحن جلى in Quranic recitation?

These are glaring errors that alter the words’ intended meanings. Examples include mispronunciation of letters, incorrect lengthening of Madd letters, changing the order of words, and adding or omitting letters or words.

What is Al Lahn Al Khafiy or اللَّحْنُ الخَفِي?

These are minor and subtle mistakes in recitation that might not change the overall meaning of a verse but deviate from the correct mode of recitation.

Why are mistakes in Tajweed significant?

Mistakes, whether major or minor, can impact the meaning and understanding of the Quranic verses. Moreover, the Quran was revealed with Tajweed, so its correct recitation is crucial in preserving its message in its purest form.

How can one improve their Quranic recitation and minimize mistakes?

A reciter can enhance their recitation skills by learning from qualified teachers, continuously practicing, being conscious of potential mistakes, and approaching the Quran with humility and sincerity.

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