Surah Al Ikhlas Tafseer: In Depth Understanding With Quranic References

In this blog post, we will delve into the profound message of Surah Al-Ikhlas, the 112th chapter of the Quran. We will explore the Tafsir of Surah Al-Ikhlas, providing verse-by-verse translations and insights, along with relevant Quranic references.

Surah Al ikhlas Tafseer and Translation:

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

Bismillah hir rahman nir raheem

English & Urdu Translation:

In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful.

 شُروع اَللہ کے پاک نام سے جو بڑا مہر بان نہايت رحم والا ہے ۔

Verse 1:

قُلْ هُوَ ٱللَّهُ أَحَدٌ

Qul huwal laahu ahad

English & Urdu Translation:

Say, ˹O Prophet,˺ “He is Allah—One ˹and Indivisible˺

تم فرماؤ: وہ اللہ ایک ہے۔


This verse proclaims the Oneness of Allah. It sums up the essence of Islam, and negates all forms of polytheism and idolatry. The word “Ahad” meaning “The One” is used in the Quran only for Allah, and no one else. Allah says:

Had there been within the heavens and earth gods besides Allah, they both would have been ruined. So exalted is Allah, Lord of the Throne, above what they describe.

– Surah al-anbiya (21:22)

Verse 2:

ٱللَّهُ ٱلصَّمَدُ


English & Urdu Translation:

Allah—the Sustainer ˹needed by all˺.

اللہ بے نیاز ہے۔


In this verse, Allah refers to Himself by one of His Perfect attributes: As-Samad. As-Samad is also one of the Names of Allah. Allah has been referred to as The Eternal Refuge, The Self-Sufficient, The Absolute, and the One on Whom all depend and to Whom all creation turns to for fulfillment of their desires and needs, by different translators of the Quran. Therefore, while the whole world is dependent upon Allah for fulfillment of its needs, He is in need of no one. As mentioned in Surah an-Naml:

Truly my Lord is Free of all Needs, Supreme in Honour!

– Surah an-Naml (27:40)

Verse 3:

لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ

Lam yalid wa lam yoolad

English & Urdu Translation:

He has never had offspring, nor was He born.

نہ اس نے کسی کو جنم دیا اور نہ وہ کسی سے پیدا ہوا۔


This verse states that Allah was not born, nor did He give birth. In other words, He has no beginning and therefore no ending. Allah is the Creator of each and everything, but He was not created by any power. One might wonder: isn’t it pretty obvious that Allah, the Ultimate Authority, is above everything else? Well, it surely is obvious. But many polytheists and idolaters wrongfully ascribe partners as well as sons and daughters to Allah (Nauzubillah!). However, this particular verse of Surah al-Ikhlas leaves no room for any uncertainty in this regard. As in Surah al-An’am, Allah says:

[He is] Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He does not have a companion and He created all things? And He is, of all things, Knowing.

– Surah al-an’am (6;101)

Verse 4:

وَلَمۡ يَكُن لَّهُۥ كُفُوًا أَحَدُۢ

Wa lam yakul-lahoo kufuwan ahad

 English & Urdu Translation:

And there is none comparable to Him.

اور کوئی اس کے برابر نہیں ۔


The last verse of this Surah declares that Allah is beyond comparison. In other words, there is nothing comparable to Him in nature and attributes. There is none in the entire universe, nor ever was, nor ever can be, who is equal to Allah. He is Unique in every aspect. In Surah ash-Shurah, Allah says:

There is nothing like Him.

Surah ash-Shurah (42:11)

Source of Surah al ikhlas tafseer: Muslim Memo

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