Ayat Ul Kursi Tafseer: In Depth Understanding With Quranic References

Let’s delve into the heart of Ayatul Kursi and explore its profound meanings in Urdu and English. We’ll uncover its layered interpretations (Tafseer) and provide a transliteration to aid your recitation. Are you curious about Ayat ul Kursi? Join us as we explore its meaning in a clear and simple way.

Ayatul Kursi Tafseer (Verse)

Ayatul Kursi: With Video and Downloadable PDF

اللَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ الْحَيُّ الْقَيُّومُ

(Allahu la ilaha illa Huwa, Al-Hayyul-Qayyum)

اللہ! اس کے سوا کوئی معبود نہیں، وہ زندہ ہے، سب کو قائم رکھنے والا ہے۔

Allah – there is no deity except Him, the Ever-Living, the Sustainer of [all] existence.

This statement means that there is no god but Allah, and He is the Supreme Lord of all creations / worlds. Also, there is absolutely nothing worth worshipping, except Him. In Surah an-Nisa, Allah says:

Surely Allah does not forgive that anything should be associated with Him, and forgives what is besides that to whomsoever He pleases; and whoever associates anything with Allah, he devises indeed a great sin.”

– Surah an Nisa (4:48)

 لَا تَأْخُذُهُ سِنَةٌ وَلَا نَوْمٌ

(La ta’khuzuhu sinatun wala nawm)

نہ اس کو اونگھ آتی ہے نہ نیند۔

Neither drowsiness overtakes Him nor sleep.

Allah is above and beyond all states of drowsiness or sleep. Allah could never be negligent, unaware, nor can He err in regards to His creation. Rather, He is Supreme and is Aware of what every soul earns. Among His perfect attributes is the fact that He is never affected by slumber or sleep. His power is Absolutely Perfect. In Surah Qaf, Allah says:

And certainly We created the heavens and the earth and what is between them in six periods and there touched Us no fatigue.

– Surah Qaf (50:38)

 لَهُ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ

(Lahu ma fis-samawati wa ma fil-ard)

جو کچھ آسمانوں میں ہے اور جو کچھ زمین میں، سب اسی کا ہے۔

To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on the earth.

This indicates that everyone is a servant of Allah, under His Power and Authority. Everything on earth or in the heavens is owned by Allah. He is the Ultimate Authority. In Surah Ta-Ha, Allah says:

Unto Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth, and whatsoever is between them, and whatsoever is beneath the soil.

– Surah Ta-Ha (20:6)

 مَنْ ذَا الَّذِي يَشْفَعُ عِنْدَهُ إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ

(Man zallazi yashfa’u ‘indahu illa bi-iznih)

کون ہے جو اس کے حضور اس کی اجازت کے بغیر سفارش کرے؟

Who is it that can intercede with Him except by His permission?

Nobody can intercede in His Presence except by His permission on the Day of Judgment. The pagans used to think that their idols would intercede on their behalf; this is why Allah has explained that no intercession will work in His Court except which He permits. In Surah al-Anbiya, Allah says:

Sahih International
“He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them, and they cannot intercede except on behalf of one whom He approves. And they, from fear of Him, are apprehensive”

Surah al-anbiya (21:28)

 يَعْلَمُ مَا بَيْنَ أَيْدِيهِمْ وَمَا خَلْفَهُمْ

(Ya’lamu ma bayna aydihim wa ma khalfahum)

وہ جانتا ہے جو ان کے آگے ہے اور جو ان کے پیچھے۔

He knows what is [presently] before them and what will be after them.

This refers to His Perfect Knowledge of all creation; including the past, present and future. This is proof of Allah’s Knowledge that encompasses all the worlds. In Surah Ta-Ha, Allah says:

He knows all that is ahead of them and all that is behind them, while the others do not know

– Surah Ta-Ha (20:110)

 وَلَا يُحِيطُونَ بِشَيْءٍ مِنْ عِلْمِهِ إِلَّا بِمَا شَاءَ

(Wa la yuheetuna bi shay’in min ‘ilmihi illa bima shaa’)

اور وہ اس کے علم میں سے کسی چیز کو نہیں گھیر سکتے مگر جتنا وہ چاہے۔

And they encompass not a thing of His knowledge except for what He wills.

This part of the verse asserts the fact that no one attains any knowledge except that which Allah allows. All-Encompassing Knowledge of every particle in the universe is a unique attribute of none but Allah. In Surah al-Jinn, Allah says:

He is the Knower of the Unseen, and He does not disclose His Unseen to anyone other than to a Messenger whom He chooses

Surah al-Jinn (72:26,27)

وَسِعَ كُرْسِيُّهُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضَ

(Wasi’a kursiyyuhus-samawati wal-ard)

اس کی کرسی آسمانوں اور زمین پر چھائی ہوئی ہے۔

His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth.

Literally, al-Kursi means the “Footstool”, but here the word Kursi represents the Throne of Allah. It is also referred to as Power or Knowledge by some translators of The Quran, like Shakir or Dr Ghali. The reality of His Attributes is above and beyond human reason. This magnificent verse explains Allah’s Existence, Sovereignty, Power and Knowledge that extends over the heavens and the earth. In Surah al-Mu’minun Allah says that:

Safi Kaskas

Say, “Who is Lord of the seven heavens and Lord of the Mighty Throne?”

Surah al-Mu’minun (23:86)

 وَلَا يَئُودُهُ حِفْظُهُمَا

(Wa la ya’ooduhu hifzuhuma)

اور ان کی حفاظت اس کو تھکاتی نہیں۔

And their preservation tires Him not.

Allah has no trouble in preserving and managing whatever is in heavens and the earth, and those who are in the Dominion of Allah. Rather, this is an easy matter for Him. In Surah Al-Ankabut, Allah says:

Allah enlarges the sustenance of any of His servants whom He will, and straitens the sustenance of whom He will. Surely Allah has knowledge of everything

Surah Al-Ankabut (29:62)

 وَهُوَ الْعَلِيُّ الْعَظِيمُ

(Wa Huwal-‘Aliyyul-‘Azeem)

اور وہی سب سے بلند، سب سے بڑا ہے۔

And He is the Most High, the Most Great.

Allah is the Most Exalted and the Greatest. All honour, power and superiority belongs to none but Allah. He is the Most High, the Greatest. There is no deity worthy of worship except Him, and no lord other than Him. In Surah al-Imran, Allah says:

“Allah witnesses that there is no deity except Him, and [so do] the angels and those of knowledge – [that He is] maintaining [creation] in justice. There is no deity except Him, the Exalted in Might, the Wise.”

Surah al-Imran (3:18)

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Source Of Ayatul kursi Tafseer: Muslim Memo

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