Spiritual Significance of Surah Shams: A Deep Dive

Surah Shams, the 91st chapter of the Quran, is a Meccan Surah comprising 15 verses. It is the part of 30th Juz of the Quran. It is named after the sun (al-Shams in Arabic), mentioned at the beginning of the Surah.

This chapter is unique in its emphasis on the signs of Allah in the universe and within ourselves, urging introspection and the purification of the soul. The benefits of reciting Surah Shams are profound, spanning spiritual, psychological, and worldly aspects of life.

Surah Ash-Shams Transliteration, Translation

Here’s a brief transliteration of the opening verses of sura shams, followed by their English translation:

Surah Ash Shams Arabic As in the Quran

Sura Shams

Surah as shams transliteration

Waash-shamsi waduhaha, Walqamari itha talaha, Wannahari itha jallaha, Walaili itha yaghshaaha, Wassama’i wama banaaha, Waal-ardi wama tahaha, Wanafsin wama sawwaha, Faa’alhamaha fujooraha wataqwaha, Qad aflaha man zakkaha, Waqad khaba man dassaha.

Surah ash shams/ surah shams translation/ surah shams in English

(Note: Only the first few verses are presented here as an example)

Like all other chapters in the Quran, the Surah is in Arabic Language. It’s essential for anyone seeking full understanding of its meaning to study its original form, considering its linguistic intricacies and the depth of its message. The best way to recite the Surah is to read it loud with Tajweed.

Surah Shams Translation in Urdu and English

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

﴿1﴾ وَالشَّمۡسِ وَضُحٰٮهَا

ترجمہ : سورج کی قسم اور اس کی روشنی کی

By the sun and his brightness,

﴿2﴾ وَالۡقَمَرِ اِذَا تَلٰٮهَا

ترجمہ : اور چاند کی جب اس کے پیچھے نکلے

And the moon when she followeth him,

﴿3﴾ وَالنَّهَارِ اِذَا جَلّٰٮهَا

ترجمہ : اور دن کی جب اُسے چمکا دے

And the day when it revealeth him,

﴿4﴾ وَالَّيۡلِ اِذَا يَغۡشٰٮهَا

ترجمہ : اور رات کی جب اُسے چھپا لے

And the night when it enshroudeth him,

﴿5﴾ وَالسَّمَآءِ وَمَا بَنٰٮهَا

ترجمہ : اور آسمان کی اور اس ذات کی جس نے اسے بنایا

And the heaven and Him Who built it,

﴿6﴾ وَالۡاَرۡضِ وَمَا طَحٰٮهَا

ترجمہ : اور زمین کی اور اس کی جس نے اسے پھیلایا

And the earth and Him Who spread it,

﴿7﴾ وَنَفۡسٍ وَّمَا سَوَّاٮهَا

ترجمہ : اور انسان کی اور اس کی جس نے اس (کے اعضا) کو برابر کیا

And a soul and Him Who perfected it

﴿8﴾ فَاَلۡهَمَهَا فُجُوۡرَهَا وَتَقۡوٰٮهَا

ترجمہ : پھر اس کو بدکاری (سے بچنے) اور پرہیزگاری کرنے کی سمجھ دی

And inspired it (with conscience of) what is wrong for it and (what is) right for it.

﴿9﴾ قَدۡ اَفۡلَحَ مَنۡ زَكّٰٮهَا‏

ترجمہ : کہ جس نے (اپنے) نفس (یعنی روح) کو پاک رکھا وہ مراد کو پہنچا

He is indeed successful who causeth it to grow,

﴿10﴾ وَقَدۡ خَابَ مَنۡ دَسّٰٮهَاؕ‏

ترجمہ : اور جس نے اسے خاک میں ملایا وہ خسارے میں رہا

And he is indeed a failure who stunteth it.

﴿11﴾ كَذَّبَتۡ ثَمُوۡدُ بِطَغۡوٰٮهَآ

ترجمہ : (قوم) ثمود نے اپنی سرکشی کے سبب (پیغمبر کو) جھٹلایا

(The tribe of) Thamud denied (the truth) in their rebellious pride,

﴿12﴾ اِذِ انۢبَعَثَ اَشۡقٰٮهَا

ترجمہ : جب ان میں سے ایک نہایت بدبخت اٹھا

When the basest of them broke forth

﴿13﴾ فَقَالَ لَهُمۡ رَسُوۡلُ اللّٰهِ نَاقَةَ اللّٰهِ وَسُقۡيٰهَاؕ‏

ترجمہ : تو خدا کے پیغمبر (صالح) نے ان سے کہا کہ خدا کی اونٹنی اور اس کے پانی پینے کی باری سے عذر کرو

And the messenger of Allah said: It is the she-camel of Allah, so let her drink!

﴿14﴾ فَكَذَّبُوۡهُ فَعَقَرُوۡهَا ۙ فَدَمۡدَمَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ رَبُّهُمۡ بِذَنۡۢبِهِمۡ فَسَوّٰٮهَا‏

ترجمہ : مگر انہوں نے پیغمبر کو جھٹلایا اور اونٹنی کی کونچیں کاٹ دیں تو خدا نے ان کےگناہ کے سبب ان پر عذاب نازل کیا اور سب کو (ہلاک کر کے) برابر کر دیا

But they denied him, and they hamstrung her, so Allah doomed them for their sin and rased (their dwellings).

﴿15﴾ وَلَا يَخَافُ عُقۡبٰهَا‏

ترجمہ : اور اس کو ان کے بدلہ لینے کا کچھ بھی ڈر نہیں

He dreadeth not the sequel (of events).

Surah Shams has been translated by numerous scholars into various languages, including Urdu. Those interested in the Urdu translation can refer to trusted Tafsir books for Surah Shams Tafseer.

Surah al shams/Surah Shams/sura shams Tafsir

Surah Shams Tafseer

Tafsir, or explanation, is the interpretation of the Quran. When it comes to Surah Ash-Shams:
The begins with a series of oaths, where Allah swears by several of His creations, emphasizing their significance.

The core of this Surah as shams (surah e shams) revolves around the purification of the soul and the inherent capability of the human soul to distinguish between right and wrong.

The story of the people of Thamud and their Prophet Salih (peace be upon him) is briefly mentioned, highlighting their failure to distinguish good from evil and the consequences they faced.

This sourat chams (surat al shams) instructs believers on the importance of nurturing and purifying their souls, emphasizing that success in the Hereafter depends on this purification.

Benefits of Surah Shams

The benefits of Surah Shams are vast and encompass various dimensions of human experience. Its recitation not only brings spiritual rewards but also offers protection, healing, and guidance in the daily lives of believers.

By integrating Surah Shams recitation into regular spiritual practice with Tajweed Rules, individuals can unlock the potential for profound personal growth and divine blessings.

1. Spiritual Enlightenment and Purification

One of the most significant benefits of Surah Shams is its power to enlighten the soul and guide individuals toward spiritual purification. The Surah emphasizes the balance between the external world and the internal soul, encouraging believers to reflect on their actions and strive toward righteousness. This introspection can lead to a deeper understanding of one’s purpose and a stronger connection with the divine.

2. Protection from Negative Influences

Reciting Surah Shams is believed to offer protection against negative influences and evil spirits. The Surah’s verses are considered a shield for individuals, safeguarding them from harm and guiding them through moments of darkness. This protection extends to physical and spiritual realms, providing security and peace to those who regularly engage with its verses.

3. Psychological and Emotional Healing

The recitation of Surah Shams can have a therapeutic effect on the mind and heart. Its verses encourage resilience, patience, and trust in Allah’s plan, which can be incredibly comforting during stress, anxiety, or sadness. The Surah’s focus on self-reflection and the purification of the soul also aids in overcoming negative emotions and fostering a positive mindset.

4. Attracting Positive Energy and Blessings

Engaging with Surah Shams is also associated with attracting positive energy and divine blessings. The Surah’s emphasis on gratitude and recognizing Allah’s signs in the natural world fosters an environment of positivity, manifesting in various aspects of a believer’s life, including their relationships, health, and overall well-being.

5. Facilitating Success and Guidance

Surah Shams is believed to facilitate success and provide guidance in decision-making processes. Its verses inspire confidence and determination, helping individuals to pursue their goals with faith and perseverance. The Surah also offers insights into distinguishing right from wrong, assisting believers in making choices that align with their spiritual and worldly objectives.

Spiritual beliefs in the Surah Shams

Like many other Surahs of the Quran, Surah Ash-Shams has various spiritual and worldly benefits.


It offers insights into the importance of the soul’s purification and understanding of good from evil.


Some traditions suggest that reciting this Surah can grant safety from adversities.


Regular recitation can attract blessings and mercy from Allah.


  • It serves as a reminder of the story of the people of Thamud, ensuring believers remain steadfast in their faith.
  • Remember, while these benefits can be derived from the Surah, the primary purpose of reading and reflecting upon the Quran is to gain guidance, increase faith, and draw closer to Allah.
  • In conclusion, Surah Ash-Shams(shams surah) is a profound chapter emphasizing the significance of moral and spiritual purification. It’s a call to introspection, urging believers to prioritize the well-being of their souls.


Accordin to the Tafseer of Surah Ash-Shams, The teachings of Surah Ash-Shams can be applied in our daily lives in the following ways

Moral Integrity:

The Surah underscores the importance of maintaining one’s moral compass, urging believers to always distinguish between right and wrong.
Self-reflection encourages introspection and self-assessment to purify one’s soul from negative influences.

Appreciation of Nature:

The oaths by the sun, moon, day, and night can instill in believers a profound appreciation for nature and its wonders.
The Sun and Its Significance
The sun, which plays a central role in this Surah, is not just a celestial body; it holds immense significance both scientifically and spiritually:


The sun is the primary energy source for Earth. It governs our days, supports life through photosynthesis, and affects our climate.


In Islamic thought, the sun, like other celestial bodies, is a sign of Allah’s majesty and power. It is a constant reminder of the Creator’s presence and boundless abilities.

Many online platforms offer audio recitations of surah as shams in Arabic and English for those who wish to deepen their connection with the Quran. These platforms cater to listeners’ needs, allowing them to immerse themselves in the beauty of the Quranic verses, aiding in memorization of this surah, reflection, and understanding.

Surah Ash-Shams, a chapter from the Quran, is not directly associated with specific Hadith (sayings or actions of the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon him) in the same way as some other Surahs. However, some Hadiths discuss the virtues and benefits of reciting and reflecting upon the Quran. These Hadith can also apply to Surah Ash-Shams. Here are three available Hadith about the Surah Shams:

Hadiths about surat al shams

Abu Musa Al-Ashari reported

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “The example of the one who recites the Quran and acts upon it is like a citrus fruit, which tastes good and smells good. And the example of the one who does not recite the Quran but acts upon it is like a date, which tastes good but has no scent. And the example of the one who recites the Quran but does not act upon it is like a basil, which smells good but tastes bitter. And the example of the one who does not recite the Quran and does not act upon it is like a colocynth, which tastes bitter and has no scent.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

Abdullah ibn Mas’ud reported

The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said, “Whoever recites a letter from the Book of Allah, he will be credited with a good deed, and a good deed gets a ten-fold reward. I want to clarify that when I say Alif-Lam-Mim is one letter, I mean that each letter, Alif, Lam, and Mim, is considered a separate letter.” (Jami’ at-Tirmidhi)

Abu Huraira reported that the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said,

The best of you is the one who learns the Quran and teaches it.” (Sahih al-Bukhari)

While these Hadith are not specifically about Surah Ash-Shams, they emphasize the importance of reciting and understanding the Quran, which naturally includes these Surah shamas. Muslims are encouraged to recite and ponder the meanings of the Quran to benefit from its guidance and wisdom. Every muslim also learn Surah Al Shams during Quran Memorization.


Surah Ash-Shams(as shams), with its profound verses, offers both a reflection on the wonders of nature and a moral compass for believers. It emphasizes the importance of the soul’s purity and the consequences of moral degradation. Its teachings remind us of our responsibilities in our daily lives, urging us to seek knowledge, maintain our integrity, and appreciate the divine signs around us. The sun, as highlighted in the Surah, stands as a beacon of both physical light and spiritual enlightenment, guiding us towards a path of righteousness and holiness.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What is Surah Shams in the Quran?

It is a Makki Surah, meaning it was revealed in Makkah before the migration of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) to Medina.

What is the central message of Surah Shams?

The main message of Surah Shams revolves around the purification of the soul and the inherent capability of the human soul to distinguish between right and wrong. It emphasizes the importance of nurturing and purifying one’s soul. It provides a cautionary tale through the story of the people of Thamud, who failed to uphold moral integrity.

What are the key takeaways or lessons we can learn from Surah Shams?

Surah Shams teaches us to embrace truth, purify ourselves, and take responsibility for our actions. It highlights our capacity for both good and evil, encourages self-reflection, and urges us to pursue righteousness and moral values. The Surah also emphasizes the signs in the universe that reflect Divine wisdom and remind us of our accountability in this world and the Hereafter, prompting self-examination and moral growth.

Can you provide a summary of Surah Shams?

Certainly! Surah Ash-Shams starts with a series of oaths, swearing by several of Allah’s creations, from the sun to the night. It then focuses on the human soul, emphasizing its purity and the inherent ability to discern right from wrong. The chapter briefly narrates the story of the people of Thamud, who were punished for their arrogance and disbelief, especially their mistreatment of the she-camel, a sign from God. The Surah concludes by stressing the consequences of corrupting one’s soul.

How can I learn Surah Shams?

To learn Surah Shams, you can seek assistance from Qari.live, an online Quran academy. Here, you will find expert Qari Tutors who will guide you in reading and memorizing the Quran. The first step is to register on Qari.live and enroll in an online Quran course specifically designed for learning Surah Shams. These courses often include step-by-step tutorials, recitation practice, and personalized feedback to help you master the surah accurately and effectively.

Send Blessing on Prohphet Muhammad (PBUH)

People Also Ask?

What is the significance of Surah Shams in Islam?

The significance of Surah Shams in Islam lies in its emphasis on the purification of the soul and the inherent capability of the human soul to distinguish between right and wrong. The Surah holds lessons about the consequences of moral degradation, using the story of the Thamud as an exemplar. Moreover, the numerous oaths by natural phenomena at the beginning of the Surah underscore the marvels of Allah’s creation, reaffirming His omnipotence.

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